What is an anal fissure? An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum (anal canal) that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems.. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term (acute) anal fissures. Anal fissure (fissures) is a very painful condition caused by trauma to the anus and anal canal, which then cuts or tears the anus and anal canal tissue. These tears can be caused by straining to have a bowel movement, hard stools, and chronic episodes of diarrhea. Symptoms include rectal bleeding, anal itching, and painful bowel movements. Anal fissure is the most common cause of severe anal pain and bleeding seen in the primary care setting, in urgent care and surgical clinics, and in Emergency Departments. Most fissures heal spontaneously, but conservative management with ointment and fiber supplementation will relieve the pain and promote healing of those that do not. . An anal fissure is a small tear in the skin overlying the anus that may occur when a hard stool is passed. Constipation is the most common cause of anal fissures.; Pain during the passage of a hard bowel movement, and sharp pain that continues afterward are the most common symptoms of an anal fissure. An anal fissure, fissure in Ano or rectal fissure is a break or tear in the skin of the anal canal. Anal fissures may be noticed by bright red anal bleeding on toilet paper and undergarments, or sometimes in the toilet. If acute they may cause.
Mayo Clinic Marketplace Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. You can find the most experienced doctors, filtered by your insurance, location, and other preferences. What are some complications or conditions that are associated with an anal fissure? Learn why your doctor may recommend a digital rectal exam and what to expect. You may be able to prevent an anal fissure by taking measures to prevent constipation. Nelson RL, et al. Anal cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects the tissues of the anus.